# Research Program

In this section, we suggest a research program, motivated by a strategy of incremental complexity. The initial steps of the program focus on the characteristics of the lattice. As these are resolved, the parameter space of the theory is reduced, helping to focus analysis of fermion dynamics in the later stages.

The reference model as described suggests that in theories of generative order, many of the intrinsic properties of the standard model may be extrinsic properties of one-dimensional structures. If this is so, ultimately theorists should be able to calculate many of the fundamental constants (G, h, c, α, *etc.*), and to establish correspondence theorems to existing models of gravitation, quantum electrodynamics (QED), quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and the weak interactions. It is the opinion of the author that the single-component reference model is unlikely to satisfy these requirements.

Conversely, the isotropy of space suggests that a single-component lattice is likely to be sufficient to explain gravitation. The initial work therefore focuses on creation of models that can be used to assess the stability of behavior against segmentation length and interaction models. The program will also help scope the computational resources necessary to analyze fermion kinematics.

The steps in the research program are successively more coarse. Particularly when the program progresses to consideration of fermion kinematics, years of effort could be invested in analysis of a single particle property, such as spin. Considering the history of quantum mechanics and relativity, the entire program can be expected to take roughly a century to complete.

Given the resources available to the proposer, funding of the research program for the first year focuses on two goals.

- Re-analysis of the spectra of side-view elliptical galaxies with the goal of establishing a high-profile alternative to the Hubble expansion.
- Identifying research teams that would be capable and interested to pursue the modeling effort.
- A successful effort would culminate with invitation to a symposium considering new horizons in the theories of cosmology and particle physics.

*Modeling Program*

*Modeling Program*

Exposure of generative orders to the community of particle theorists is going to result in a large body of objections to the reference model. To avoid these being raised as impediments to obtaining research funding for interested theorists, we list the challenges that must be overcome to elaboration of a satisfactory model, and consider possible mechanisms that might lead to the observed behavior of known physical systems.

The program is presented in outline form only. If desirable, elaboration can be provided.

- Precession of perihelion – due to “drag” between the inconsistent lattice configurations of bound gravitational bodies. Explore parameterization of lattice structure – sub-unit modes, lattice sheer and compressibility. Again a fairly approachable study that could stimulate further work by demonstrating feasibility of explanations of large-scale phenomena, with correspondence to parameterization at the lattice scale. Success would begin to break down resistance to the idea that a preferred reference frame is disproven by observations that support Einstein’s theories of Special and General relativity.
- Dynamics of the formation of galactic cores, parthogenesis, black hole structure – Relative energetics of lattice cohesion vs. encapsulation of lower-dimension structures. Initial density and uniformity of 1-dimensional structures (also considering observed smoothness of lattice compression – I.e. “dark energy” distribution). Success would be a clear demonstration of worthiness as an alternative to the Big Bang theory.
- Superfluid transport of particles through the lattice.
- Fiber characteristics
- Intrinsic angular momentum
- Virtual photon / gluon emission as an analog of lattice disruption
- Conservation of momentum
- Theory of kinetic energy (scaling of scale of lattice distortion vs particle velocity)
- Effect of sub-unit distortion on particle propagation

- Gravitation/QED/GCD
- Equivalence of gravitational and kinetic masses
- Electric charge signs. Note that 2 sub-units with 1 thread each are not equivalent to one subunit with 2 threads.
- Thread dynamics and interaction with lattice

- Lattice distortion and correspondence to quantum-mechanical wave function
- Pauli exclusion principle
- Wave-particle duality (theory of diffraction)
- Hydrogen energy levels
- Wave-function collapse

- Weak interactions
- Thread transfer processes
- Temporary creation of unstable higher-dimensional structures.

- Theory of light
- Electric field as a mode of coupling due to lattice disrupted by thread oscillations
- Magnetic fields as a special mode of particle coupling with a lattice distorted by motion of threads
- Speed of light
- Light decay during lattice propagation
- Theory of microwave background radiation (lattice relaxation or light decay)

- Theory of anti-particles
- Sub-unit chirality and lattice coherence
- Annihilation as synthesis of higher-order structures
- Pair production as decomposition of higher-order structures
- Meson theory